Adolf Hitler Quote: How Fortunate For Leaders That Men Do Not Think

Presentation on theme: “Causes of WWII “How fortunate for leaders that men do not think.” – Adolf Hitler.”— Presentation transcript:

Đang xem: How fortunate for leaders that men do not think

1 Causes of WWII “How fortunate for leaders that men do not think.” – Adolf Hitler

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2 Causes of WWII 1.Treaty of Versailles 2.Depression 3.Sino Japanese War 4.Hitler

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3  Treaty of Versailles:  Forced Germany to pay reparations to allied powers  When the depression hits – debts called in  Germany can’t pay = further economic downturn  Global economic downturn also impacts Germany  Results = German Economy worsens and spirals downward…

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4 Sino Japanese War  Japan is a small nation and needs natural resources and space.  In September 1931 Japan attacked China  Both the League of Nations and the US demanded that Japan evacuate  Japan ignored them and for the next 6 years worked to consolidate their control over their new territory.

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5 IV. Sino Japanese War Background:  European Colonialism in China destabilizes the empire  Led to end of empire and start of a new republic  Nationalists – republic  Communists – led by Mao = Politically unstable

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7 Hitler: Background  In October 1918, Hitler was blinded in a British chlorine gas attack.  While he was in hospital Germany surrendered. Hitler went into a state of deep depression  After the war, he got a job with the German government as a spy

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8 The start of Hitler’s political career…  In September 1919, he was instructed to attend a meeting of the German Worker’s Party (GWP). (gov’t feared they were communists)  He was invited to join. The group was already anti-Semitic and nationalists  Hitler becomes their main speaker

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9 NSDAP  Hitler”s reputation as speaker grew and it soon became clear that he was the main reason why people were joining the party. This gave Hitler tremendous power within the party  The party was renamed the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP)  Only in favor of equality for those who had “German blood”.  Jews and other “aliens” would lose their rights of citizenship,  Immigration should be brought to an end.  Limit rights of women

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10 NSDAP = NAZI  Hitler challenged the current leader of the NSDAP for control of the party in 1921. After brief resistance Hitler became the new leader of the NSDAP – now nicknamed the Nazi Party  Hitler formed his own private army called Strum Abteilung (Storm Section a.k.a. Storm Troopers

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11 Beer Hall Putsch  1923 – Hitler”s attempt to overthrow the govt  Putsch = German for coup, or sudden attempt by a group to overthrow a government.  Didn’t work, he was arrested for high treason  Although he was found guilty he only received the minimum sentence of five years.

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12 E. Mein Kampf  While in prison, he wrote the book Mein Kampf  In it, Hitler outlined his political philosophy.  He argued that the German race was superior to all others.  He also argued that the ‘Aryan Race’ (non-Jewish and white) should use force to purify and dominate their lands.

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13 Mein Kampf  “Every manifestation of human culture, every product of art, science and technical skill, which we see before our eyes today, is almost exclusively the product of Aryan creative power.”  “On this planet of ours human culture and civilization are indissolubly bound up with the presence of the Aryan. If he should be exterminated or subjugated, then the dark shroud of a new barbarian era would enfold the earth.”

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14 How Hitler came to power  The Nazi party still didn’t have much political support.  Then the stock market crashed in 1929  Elections of 1930 – Nazi’s become 2 nd largest political party  Soon, Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany

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15 How Hitler Came to Power…  Hitler took control of radio and press,  Replaced police with Nazi’s  Arrests thousands and puts them in concentration camps.  Hitler proposed an Enabling Bill that would give him dictatorial powers.

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 Everyone who opposed him is in a concentration camp = it passes and Hitler is a dictator. – 1933 ~ Reichstag, Berlin

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17 H. Expansion and appeasement:  In September 1938, Hitler threatened to invade Czechoslovakia  The Munich Conference took place on 29th September, 1938.  England and France agreed that Germany could have the land taken in the Treaty.  Hitler promised not to invade ~ Hitler and Mussolini

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18 I. Expansion and Appeasement  Hitler expands anyway.  Knowing that England and France hated the Soviet Union, Hitler was confident that they would not interfere with his expansion if he moved towards the Soviet Union  Goes to Poland Lord Chamberlain – announces appeasement policy

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20 Start of WWII  In August 1939, a group of concentration camp prisoners were dressed in Polish uniforms, shot and then placed just inside the German border.  Hitler claimed that Poland was attempting to invade Germany and used it as an excuse to attack.  On 1st September, 1939, the Germany invaded Poland.  England and France declared war on Germany and WWII had begun.

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21 A. Blitzkrieg  Employing fast- moving tanks backed up with air support, called Blitzkrieg Germany defeated:  Poland in 4 weeks.  Norway 4 weeks,  Netherlands 5 days  Belgium 3 weeks  France 6 weeks

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22 Tripartite Pact  a.k.a Axis Pact September, 1940 –  Germany, Italy and Japan sign an agreement that states they will:  “assist one another with all political, economic and military means if one of the Contracting Powers is attacked by a Power at present not involved in the European War or in the Japanese- Chinese conflict.”

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23 B. The US remained neutral – again – sort of.  In an attempt to stay out of trouble, the US instituted a policy of cash and carry –  later, when France fell and the Germans occupied Paris, the US abandoned this policy and allowed for a “lend lease” policy – meaning that nations could “borrow” weapons from the US as long as they promised to return them after the war. (Specifically England, and France)

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24 B. The US remained neutral – again – sort of.  In order to get supplies to England, FDR argued that the Atlantic was a “neutral territory” and should be patrolled by American ships to keep it safe – by July 1941 American ships were patrolling the Atlantic.  At first Germany didn’t respond to the obvious American hostility, but when they invaded the Soviet Union in June (breaking the non-aggression pact) the US started to provide the Soviets with weapons  The US was now providing weapons and protecting their transport to both fronts.  German subs began to attack US ships that summer. There are reports that the German subs made it as far as the coast on Long Island.  Meanwhile, Japan was trying to expand its new empire

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