Presentation on theme: “Causes of WWII “How fortunate for leaders that men do not think.” – Adolf Hitler.”— Presentation transcript:
1 Causes of WWII “How fortunate for leaders that men do not think.” – Adolf Hitler
2 Causes of WWII 1.Treaty of Versailles 2.Depression 3.Sino Japanese War 4.Hitler
3 Treaty of Versailles: Forced Germany to pay reparations to allied powers When the depression hits – debts called in Germany can’t pay = further economic downturn Global economic downturn also impacts Germany Results = German Economy worsens and spirals downward…
4 Sino Japanese War Japan is a small nation and needs natural resources and space. In September 1931 Japan attacked China Both the League of Nations and the US demanded that Japan evacuate Japan ignored them and for the next 6 years worked to consolidate their control over their new territory.
5 IV. Sino Japanese War Background: European Colonialism in China destabilizes the empire Led to end of empire and start of a new republic Nationalists – republic Communists – led by Mao = Politically unstable
7 Hitler: Background In October 1918, Hitler was blinded in a British chlorine gas attack. While he was in hospital Germany surrendered. Hitler went into a state of deep depression After the war, he got a job with the German government as a spy
8 The start of Hitler’s political career… In September 1919, he was instructed to attend a meeting of the German Worker’s Party (GWP). (gov’t feared they were communists) He was invited to join. The group was already anti-Semitic and nationalists Hitler becomes their main speaker
9 NSDAP Hitler”s reputation as speaker grew and it soon became clear that he was the main reason why people were joining the party. This gave Hitler tremendous power within the party The party was renamed the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) Only in favor of equality for those who had “German blood”. Jews and other “aliens” would lose their rights of citizenship, Immigration should be brought to an end. Limit rights of women
10 NSDAP = NAZI Hitler challenged the current leader of the NSDAP for control of the party in 1921. After brief resistance Hitler became the new leader of the NSDAP – now nicknamed the Nazi Party Hitler formed his own private army called Strum Abteilung (Storm Section a.k.a. Storm Troopers
11 Beer Hall Putsch 1923 – Hitler”s attempt to overthrow the govt Putsch = German for coup, or sudden attempt by a group to overthrow a government. Didn’t work, he was arrested for high treason Although he was found guilty he only received the minimum sentence of five years.
12 E. Mein Kampf While in prison, he wrote the book Mein Kampf In it, Hitler outlined his political philosophy. He argued that the German race was superior to all others. He also argued that the ‘Aryan Race’ (non-Jewish and white) should use force to purify and dominate their lands.
13 Mein Kampf “Every manifestation of human culture, every product of art, science and technical skill, which we see before our eyes today, is almost exclusively the product of Aryan creative power.” “On this planet of ours human culture and civilization are indissolubly bound up with the presence of the Aryan. If he should be exterminated or subjugated, then the dark shroud of a new barbarian era would enfold the earth.”
14 How Hitler came to power The Nazi party still didn’t have much political support. Then the stock market crashed in 1929 Elections of 1930 – Nazi’s become 2 nd largest political party Soon, Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany
15 How Hitler Came to Power… Hitler took control of radio and press, Replaced police with Nazi’s Arrests thousands and puts them in concentration camps. Hitler proposed an Enabling Bill that would give him dictatorial powers.
Everyone who opposed him is in a concentration camp = it passes and Hitler is a dictator. – 1933 ~ Reichstag, Berlin
17 H. Expansion and appeasement: In September 1938, Hitler threatened to invade Czechoslovakia The Munich Conference took place on 29th September, 1938. England and France agreed that Germany could have the land taken in the Treaty. Hitler promised not to invade ~ Hitler and Mussolini
18 I. Expansion and Appeasement Hitler expands anyway. Knowing that England and France hated the Soviet Union, Hitler was confident that they would not interfere with his expansion if he moved towards the Soviet Union Goes to Poland Lord Chamberlain – announces appeasement policy
20 Start of WWII In August 1939, a group of concentration camp prisoners were dressed in Polish uniforms, shot and then placed just inside the German border. Hitler claimed that Poland was attempting to invade Germany and used it as an excuse to attack. On 1st September, 1939, the Germany invaded Poland. England and France declared war on Germany and WWII had begun.
21 A. Blitzkrieg Employing fast- moving tanks backed up with air support, called Blitzkrieg Germany defeated: Poland in 4 weeks. Norway 4 weeks, Netherlands 5 days Belgium 3 weeks France 6 weeks
22 Tripartite Pact a.k.a Axis Pact September, 1940 – Germany, Italy and Japan sign an agreement that states they will: “assist one another with all political, economic and military means if one of the Contracting Powers is attacked by a Power at present not involved in the European War or in the Japanese- Chinese conflict.”
23 B. The US remained neutral – again – sort of. In an attempt to stay out of trouble, the US instituted a policy of cash and carry – later, when France fell and the Germans occupied Paris, the US abandoned this policy and allowed for a “lend lease” policy – meaning that nations could “borrow” weapons from the US as long as they promised to return them after the war. (Specifically England, and France)
24 B. The US remained neutral – again – sort of. In order to get supplies to England, FDR argued that the Atlantic was a “neutral territory” and should be patrolled by American ships to keep it safe – by July 1941 American ships were patrolling the Atlantic. At first Germany didn’t respond to the obvious American hostility, but when they invaded the Soviet Union in June (breaking the non-aggression pact) the US started to provide the Soviets with weapons The US was now providing weapons and protecting their transport to both fronts. German subs began to attack US ships that summer. There are reports that the German subs made it as far as the coast on Long Island. Meanwhile, Japan was trying to expand its new empire